Andrés Cárdenas O´Farrill received his first economics degree at the University of Havana. He started his career as an economist by working at the Cuban Ministry for Economy, where he became interested in the world of renewable energy. He gained his second economics degree at the University of Leipzig and his PhD at the University of Bremen. He is a senior research associate of the Academic–Industry Research Network. In 2021, Routledge published his book, Cooperation Networks and Economic Development: Cuba’s High-Tech Potential.